The Shaheen Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator) also known as the Indian Peregrine Falcon is a subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon, the fastest member of the animal kingdom. The Shaheen is non-migratory and predominantly feeds on small and sometimes, medium-sized birds. It is famous for its characteristic style of hunting, called the ‘stoop’ – the bird does a high speed dive from a great height and strikes its prey at a high speed. It is known to reach speeds of over 300 kmph! Here is a National Geographic reference of skydivers having tested Peregrine speeds.
In this image, we can see the Shaheen Falcon sitting with its kill, a Rose-ringed Parakeet.
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The Shaheen falcon can reach an astounding 300 kmph or more during its hunting 'stoop', making it the fastest member of the animal kingdom.