White-winged (Wood) Duck

Ramki Sreenivasan

Name: White-winged (Wood) Duck
Scientific name: Cairina scutulata
Indian / local name: Assamese: Deo Hans Cachari: Hagrani, Daophlantu
Legal status:

IUCN Red List: Endangered [A2cd+3cd+4cd; C2a(i)] —Population declining at more than 50%. Very small population and declining in numbers. Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act: Schedule I Part III CITES: Appendix I


Now restricted mostly to Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, it is best seen in Nameri National Park. Possibly extirpated from Manipur and Nagaland. It is also found in parts of Bangladesh, and Southeast Asia, including Myanmar and Cambodia. The Indian population is estimated to be between 300 and 450.


Inhabits stagnant pools in evergreen forests or swamp forests, with dead trees. Bheels within dense cane breaks and tall elephant-grass jungle.

Specific conservation threats:

1. Destruction, degradation and disturbance of riverine habitats including loss of riparian forest corridors.
2. Hunting and collection of eggs.

Conservation initiatives:

Past initiatives:
1. WWF-India is working to conserve the habitats of white winged wood duck though its Western Arunachal Pradesh and North Bank Landscapes programs in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam respectively.
2. Dibru-Saikhowa and Nameri National Park and Dihing-Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary, in Assam, were established because of their importance for this species.
3. Unsuccessful breeding program in Guwahati Zoo

Current initiatives:
1. Campaign against pesticide and oil pollution at key sites in northeastern India. Promote widespread conservation awareness campaigns in and around key protected areas


1. Anwaruddin Choudhury, The Rhino Foundation, Guwahati, Assam (acbadru56@gmail.com)