The marathon migrant
The Amur Falcon is a complete, long distance, trans-equatorial migrant (Bildstein 2006). It has one of the of longest migration routes of all birds — doing upto 22,000 km in a year — from eastern Asia all the way to Southern Africa and back. It also is unusual in migrating over sea and migrates during the night (Meyburg 2010). Migrating birds leave their Asian breeding range and travel to northeast India and Bangladesh, where they fatten up while staging for overland flights over peninsular India (Ali and Ripley 1984). Subsequently, they undertake the longest regular overwater passage of any raptor, crossing over the Indian Ocean between Western India and tropical East Africa, a journey of more than 4,000 km, which also includes nocturnal flight (Bildstein and Zalles 2005). This species is finely attuned to the strong monsoon tailwinds, which results in its late arrival in eastern Africa in autumn (Ash and Atkins 2009). Migrants arrive in their southern African winter range in November-December and depart by early May (Mendelsohn 1997). This species is an “elliptical migrant” (Kerlinger 1989), and its return route back to its breeding range is largely overland and to the north and west of its southbound route (Bildstein and Zalles op cit.). Useful articles:
- The amazing saga of this Amur Falcon.
- Amur Falcon migration route finally plotted.
- Amur falcon fact file.
Media coverage so far:
- The Guardian » How three Indian villages saved the Amur falcon
- LiveMint » The flight of the Amur Falcon
- Morung Express » Mokokchung DC cautions hunters
- Mongabay » India moves rapidly to protect Amur falcons from mass-hunting
- Morung Express » Forest department gearing up to protect Amur Falcons
- Eastern Mirror » CM lauds first Amur Falcon education initiative in State
- Morung Express » 'Friends of the Amur Falcon' campaign launched
- Nagaland Post » Villagers in Wokha pledge to protect amur falcons
- Mongabay » From catastrophic to the sustainable: the flight of the Amur Falcon
- SCIENCE » Exploitation in Northeast India
- Open » The Killing Fields of Falcons
- Rajya Sabha TV [Video] » Wide-scale killing of Migratory Amur Falcons in Nagaland is raising questions on India's commitment towards biodiversity.
- Daily News, Tanzania » Satellite-tracked amur falcon escapes massacre of 120,000 of her fellows
- National Geographic Daily News » Pictures: Falcon Massacre Uncovered in India
- Yahoo News » MoEF sounded on Amur falcon massacre in Nagaland
- Birdwatch » Quick action to save India's Amur Falcon
- Birdlife International » Help required to end hunting massacre in Nagaland, India
- TOI, Mumbai » BNHS supports the cause of conservation of Amur falcons
- The Star » Flight into a Killing Field
- Times of India, Pune » Protect Amur falcons, BNHS tells MoEF
- CNN-IBN Live [VIDEO] » Thousands of Amur falcon birds poached for trade, consumption in Nagaland
- Royal Society for the Protection of Birds » Amur Falcon Slaughter....time to speak up!
- 'Campaign Cartoon' -- Green Humour! » Never Land in Nagaland!
- Hindustan Times » MoEF sounded on Amur falcon massacre in Nagaland
- Bird Ecology Study Group » Massacre of Amur Falcons in Nagaland
- National Geographic Explorers Journal » Migrating Amur Falcons Massacred in India: We Need A Global Solution
- Morung Express, Nagaland » Notification against trapping of migratory falcon birds
- Kolkata Birds » A Sad Encounter with Migratory Amur Falcons in Nagaland (2009)